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  • Appearance: Red baneberry is a perennial herbaceous plant that typically grows between 1 and 3 feet tall. It has compound leaves with toothed leaflets. The plant produces distinctive round, shiny red berries that are clustered on upright stalks. The berries are highly toxic if ingested.
  • Habitat and Range: Red baneberry is native to North America and can be found in various habitats, including woodlands, forests, and mountainous regions. It prefers shady areas with moist, well-drained soil. Red baneberry is found in different parts of North America, including parts of the United States and Canada.
  • Toxicity: All parts of the red baneberry plant, especially the berries, contain toxic substances, including cardiogenic toxins called ranunculin. Ingesting the berries can cause severe gastrointestinal distress, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The toxins can also affect the cardiovascular system, leading to irregular heart rhythms. It is important to avoid ingesting any part of the red baneberry plant.
  • Wildlife Value: Despite its toxicity to humans, red baneberry berries are consumed by some bird species, such as thrushes and grouse, which are resistant to the plant's toxins. The berries provide a food source for these birds and are an important part of their diet. However, the bright red color of the berries serves as a warning to other animals to avoid consuming them.
  • Conservation Status: Red baneberry is not considered a threatened or endangered species. However, its habitat loss and disturbance can affect its populations. The plant is sensitive to changes in its environment, and preserving its native habitats is important for its continued existence.

  • It's crucial to exercise caution when encountering red baneberry due to its toxic nature. The berries should never be ingested, and it's advisable to avoid handling the plant without protective gloves to prevent accidental contact with the toxins.

  • These points provide an overview of Actaea rubra, the red baneberry. It is a distinctive plant known for its toxic berries and serves as a food source for certain bird species while being harmful to humans and other animals.
  • SPREAD 50-60 CM 
  • HEIGHT 60-90 CM 

Care Instructions

Different plants have different watering needs. Check the soil moisture by inserting your finger about an inch into the soil. If it feels dry, water the plant until the water drains from the bottom of the pot. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.

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